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Some History About Home Education

By the 1830s many leaders in Australia had developed the idea that crime was the result of igno-rance, ignorance was the result of a lack of education and, therefore, education would decrease crime. Education was seen as a means of forging the penal colony of Australia into an organised and orderly society. It was, therefore, imperative that the government set up schools so that all children could be taught, not only the three "R's," (reading, writing, arithmetic), but also how to be law-abiding citizens.

Compulsory education was introduced in the 1870s and was a massive social and control experi-ment for a citizenship which was considered illiterate, innumerate and of low moral character. Apart from increasing the time spent in schools, the system remained basically the same until the 1950s. Since then, the education system has been through a number of changes to its curriculum and methods of teaching, however the principles and structure of the system remain the same.

Teacher training was introduced in the early 1900s and teaching children became regarded as a skill which required specialist training. In today's world, many people have lost sight of the fact that learning and teaching is a natural part of life and living. Schooling, which was originally a so-cial experiment, has become the norm, even though many would consider the experiment to be a failure.    - from Home Education Australia (HEA) and Internet Family History Association of Australia.


Homeschooling is a valid alternative for the schooling of children in Australia. It involves parents taking responsibility for the education of their school-aged children at home. It is legal in every state of Australia.
Homeschooling is the term used by the government for children educated primarily at home rather than school, however many people prefer to use other terms such as home-based learning and home education. Although these terms can be used interchangeably with 'homeschooling,' the difference lies in the philosophical background to these terms.

Home-based Learning or Home Education

Many people prefer the terms 'home-based learning' or 'home education' to 'homeschooling' because they feel that 'home-schooling' suggests that they are simply creating a miniature school at home, or that they will be offering the same approach to education as schools do. 'Home-based learning' is often a statement that whilst a child's education may be based primarily at home, it is not limited to the home or to a school-style approach. 'Home education' also indicates that this is an educational choice, as valid as public education and private education